Lalbagh Fort

Lalbagh Fort (additionally Fort Aurangabad) is a fragmented seventeenth-century Mughal fortress complex that stands before the Buriganga River in the southwestern piece of Dhaka, Bangladesh.[1] The development was begun in 1678 AD by Mughal Subahdar Muhammad Azam Shah who was the child of Emperor Aurangzeb and later heads himself. His successor, Shaista Khan, did not proceed with the work, however, he remained in Dhaka up to 1688.    

South door of the fortification painted by Johan Zoffany in 1787

1814 painting of the post by Charles D'Oyly

Photo of the south door in 1875

Photo of the south door taken by Fritz Kapp in 1904

Mughal ruler Muhammad Azam, the third child of Aurangzeb began the work of the fortification in 1678 amid his bad habit sovereignty in Bengal. He remained in Bengal for 15 months. The post stayed fragmented when he was summoned by his dad Aurangzeb.

Shaista Khan was the new subahdar of Dhaka in that time, and he didn't finish the stronghold. In 1684, the girl of Shaista Khan named Iran Dukht Pari Bibi kicked the bucket there. After her demise, he began to think the fortification as unfortunate and left the structure incomplete.[2] Among the three noteworthy parts of Lalbagh Fort, one is the tomb of Pari Bibi.

After Shaista Khan left Dhaka, it lost its prominence. The primary driver was that the capital was moved from Dhaka to Murshidabad. After the finish of the illustrious Mughal period, the fortress ended up plainly surrendered. In 1844, the zone gained its name as Lalbagh supplanting Aurangabad, and the fortress progressed toward becoming Lalbagh Fort.[3]  

For long the stronghold was thought to be a mix of three structures (the mosque, the tomb of Bibi Pari and the Diwan-i-Aam), with two entryways and a segment of the mostly harmed fortress divider. Late unearthings completed by the Department of Archeology of Bangladesh have uncovered the presence of different structures.

The southern fortress divider has a tremendous bastion in the southwestern corner. On the north of the south fortress divider were the utility structures, stable, organization square, and its western part obliged a lovely rooftop plant with courses of action for wellsprings and a water supply. The private part was situated on the east of the west stronghold divider, principally toward the southwest of the mosque.

The stronghold divider on the south had five bastions at customary interims two stories in stature, and the western divider had two bastions; the greatest one is close to the principle southern door. The bastions had an underground passage.

The focal zone of the stronghold is possessed by three structures – the Diwan-i-Aam and the hammam on its east, the Mosque on the west and the Tomb of Pari Bibi in the middle of the two – in one line, however not at an equivalent separation. A water channel with wellsprings at standard interims interfaces the three structures from east to west and north to south.[1]

Diwan-i-Aam is a two storied living arrangement of the Mughal legislative leader of Bengal situated on the east site of the complex.[4] A solitary storied hammam is connected on its west. The hammam partition has an underground space for bubbling water. Along parcel, divider keeps running along the western exterior of the hammam.[1]

The building is arranged around 39 meters (136') toward the west of the tank, running from north to south. The outer estimations of the building are 32.47m x 8.18m (107' x 29').[5]

There are living quarters on each level of two stories and a fundamental focal corridor associating them. There is a Hammamkhana (Bathhouse) in the southern piece of the building which is one of the seventh Hammamkhana as yet existing in remains in the legacy of Bangladesh.[5]

Late unearthings (1994–2009) demonstrate that there was an uncommon room underneath the room of Hammamkhana, where archeologists found the game plans for warming water, providing the boiling point water and also cool water to the Hammamkhana through the earthenware funnels which was extraordinarily fabricated for such reason. The revelation of dark spots in the underground room evidence that fire had been utilized with the end goal of warming the water for the Hammamkhana. There was additionally a canning room by the side of Hammamkhana.[5]

All the working alongside the plans of Hammamkhana plainly demonstrates that it was particularly being used by the Subadar of Bengal and that Subadar was Shaista Khan. From the report of the Governor of English Factory, it was found out that Shaista Khan used to live in this room and a few Europeans were kept in guardianship here.
A water tank

A square molded water tank (71.63m on each side) is set toward the east of the Diwan-i-Aam. There are four corner stairs to dive into the tank.[1]

Tomb of Bibi Pari

The Tomb of Pari Bibi

The tomb of Bibi Pari, the little girl of Shaista Khan, is amidst the complex. There is a focal square room. It contains the remaining parts of Bibi Pari secured by a false octagonal vault and wrapped by the metal plate.[1] The whole internal divider is secured with white marble. Eight rooms encompass the focal one. There is another little grave in the southeastern corner room.[1]

Lalbagh Fort Mosque

There is a mosque in kellah, Azam Shah to Delhi before he went to the mosque. This three-domed mosque that some consideration. The mosque is the supplication in the assemblage. There are so not very many of the old mosque in Dhaka

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